Differences between the Adults and the Juveniles in terms of the Law
In spite of the impression of the underpinning of the juvenile court, two distinct justice schemes, juvenile and criminal, still exist in the American society. The major distinction between the juvenile and the adult scheme presently is the mode in which responsibility is regarded. Most juvenile criminals are taken as victims of situations out of their own control, not as remorseful culprits of their own wish. Adult criminals are viewed as rational actors worthy of blame for their individual acts. Despite this distinction in the acuity of responsibility, the trials in the juvenile and adult schemes are alike. However, the terms of the above systems, in spite of their procedural resemblance, do vary. The below discussion highlights these terminological distinctions Rolando & Chad. P. 10).
A juvenile who is incarcerated by the police is assumed to have been taken into custody, while an adult is said to be arrested. The public prosecutor handling a juvenile case will entreaty the court, while the one in an adult case will burden the adult with a crime. The piece that the prosecutor presents to the court will fall under the violation of juvenile; adults will be accused of a crime within the penal code (Todd, Michael & George p. 421).
Juveniles encounter an adjudication hearing, while adults go to the trial. The adjudication trials for the juveniles are overall private, and civil in nature. On the other hand, the trials for adults are normally formal, public and proceed within the rules of the criminal court way. The magistrate within a juvenile adjudication trial is regarded as a fact finder and performs as wise guardian, while the one within an adult hearing is neutral and intervenes just to maintain order within the court among the combative prosecutors and the cover attorneys Rolando & Chad. P. 10).
Following nature, juveniles can be sent to state facility, specifically for juveniles, while adults can be sent to prison. The juvenile court prosecutors come up with the minimum length of detention for juveniles, with the ultimate release choices overall authorized by the institutional authorities. But, the adults are tied to a length of imprisonment by the jury (Rolando & Chad. P. 10).
Rolando D. C. & Chad C. Juvenile justice: the System, Process and Law. 2005. Cengage Learning.
Todd C., Michael R. & George C. American Corrections. 2015. Cengage learning.